How to Install and Remove Packages in Arch Linux

        Want to install packages on Arch Linux but do not know how? A lot of people face this problem when they first migrate from Debian-based distributions to Arch. However, you can easily manage packages on your Arch-based system using package managers.























        Pacman is the default package manager that comes pre-installed in every Arch distribution. But still, there's a need for other package managers as Pacman doesn't support packages from the Arch User Repository.


















                Package Managers in Arch Linux
















        Although Arch Linux comes with Pacman as the default package manager, you can install other package managers such as Yay. Unlike Pacman, these package managers allow you to add new packages from the official Arch repository and the AUR (Arch User Repository).





















        While other package managers have been used over the years, examples such as Yaourt and Aurman are no longer maintained. Consequently, Pacman and Yay are safer and more reliable package managers to rely on in Arch Linux.





















        AUR is a community-organized repository that provides users with a platform to share packages developed by them. If you are a developer, you can add packages to the AUR, and other users can install them on their system with ease.
















                    1. Pacman















        As mentioned above, every Arch system comes with Pacman as its default package manager. The most notable feature of Pacman is that it regularly syncs your system's packages with the master server, and in turn, keeps your system up to date.















                    2. Yay















        As the developers of Yaourt and Aurman won't be releasing any updates after the discontinuation, Arch users have started using Yay to add packages from the AUR. The main aim of Yay was to minimize user input and to provide a Pacman-like interface.





















        You won't be able to install Yay using Pacman, as it does not support adding packages from the Arch User Repository directly. Therefore, you will have to install the Yay package manager manually using its Git repository. Here's how to install it on your system.





















        Step 1: You will require git to clone the yay repository.
















                    pacman -S --needed git base-devel
















        Step 2: Clone the repository to your local storage.















                    git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/yay-git.git
















        Step 3: Change the permissions of the folder.















                    chmod 777 /yay-git
















        Step 4: Navigate to the directory where you cloned the repository.















                    cd yay-git<br/>
















        Step 5: Use the makepkg command to build the package. Make sure that you do not run the following command as the root user, otherwise, it will raise an error.















                    makepkg -si













                Updating and Upgrading Packages
















        If you have just installed Arch Linux, then before you can add or remove packages, you will have to sync your system with the master servers by updating your local package list.





















        Then, you can easily upgrade all of your packages to the latest version by downloading the files from official servers.















                    Using Pacman















        To update your package list using Pacman, use the -Sy flag with the command.
















                    sudo pacman -Sy
















        After synchronizing your system's package list with the master servers, you need to upgrade the packages. Use the -Syu flag to do the same. This command can take some time depending on the list of the packages and your network connectivity.















                    sudo pacman -Syu
















        You can save the effort of typing both of these commands by combining them using the -Syyu flag. Pacman will start downloading the latest packages automatically after updating the package list.















                    sudo pacman -Syyu










                    Using Yay















        The Yay package manager allows you to update and upgrade your packages efficiently using your terminal. To do this, just use the -Syu flag with the yay command.















                    sudo yay -Syu













                Adding Packages
















        Adding packages is easy once you know which commands to execute. All you have to do is type the package manager commands in the terminal.























        Flathub and Snap Store are two great GUI applications that you can use to install software and applications on your Linux machine.













































                    Install Packages With Pacman















        Pacman uses the TAR file extension to package applications. It works efficiently with the Arch Linux system architecture. To add a package, you have to use the -S flag with the default command as follows.















                    sudo pacman -S packagename
















        For example,















                    sudo pacman -S cmatrix
















        To install multiple packages at once, type in the name of all the packages divided by the space character.















                    sudo pacman -S cmatrix vlc python
















        You can also get information about packages after installing them. The output provides details about the name, version, architecture, and license of the package. To do this, replace the -S flag with -Qi in the default pacman command.















                    pacman -Qi cmatrix











                    Install Packages With Yay















        The syntax of the Yay install command is pretty similar to that of Pacman. To install a package using the Yay package manager, just use the -S flag with the default command.















                    yay -S packagename













                Removing Packages in Arch
















        Arch Linux gives you the control to remove packages once you don't need them, and that's one of the many reasons why you should install Arch Linux. You can remove almost any package from your system if you have the authorization, of course. Let's see how you can delete a package on Arch Linux.















                    Remove Packages With Pacman















        Removing a package is easy as well. All you have to do is use -R instead of the -S flag in the default pacman command.















                    sudo pacman -R cmatrix
















        If the package is not present in your system, you will receive an error output that will state "error: target not found: packagename".
















                    Remove Packages With Yay















        To remove packages using Yay, add the -R flag to the default yay command. You can also use the -Rns flag to remove all unnecessary dependencies from your system.















                    yay -R cmatrix<br/>yay -Rns cmatrix<br/>
















        If you want to remove the packages that your system doesn't need, use the -Yc flag with the command.















                    yay -Yc

































                Managing Packages on Arch Linux
















        There are multiple ways to add and remove packages on an Arch-based Linux distribution. You can use package managers such as Pacman, Yaourt, and Yay. While some package managers allow the download of packages from the Arch User Repository, others like Pacman do not support the AUR.





















        If you are not a fan of package managers, you can always download the packages you want manually. Several websites are available on the internet that provide TAR, RPM, and DEB packages to Linux users.

















































        8 Sites for Downloading DEB or RPM Linux Apps
                        <p class="">Looking for Linux apps? Rather than install from terminal, you can download Linux apps in DEB and RPM format from these websites.</p>













About The Author







        Deepesh Sharma
                                (1 Articles Published)





            Deepesh is a Tech blogger and has been writing informational content for over 3 years. Currently, he's pursuing his Bachelor's in Computer Applications from a renowned university in India. In his free time, he enjoys writing, listening to music, and playing his guitar.


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